Types of Dystonia

Dystonia is a Movement Disorder

There are many types of dystonia.
Some types of  dystonia can be referred to in more than one way.
And, many diseases and conditions can include dystonia as a symptom.

The list below is in alphabetical order.
Click on the button to learn more about each type of Dystonia.

Dystonia that affects the muscles
of the eyelids and brow.

Dystonia that affects the neck
and sometimes the shoulders.

A group of movement disorders that respond to a medication called levodopa.

Specific drugs are capable of causing dystonia.

Dystonia that is secondary to a combination of neurological and psychiatric/psychological causes.

Characterized by twisting  of the limbs and torso.

Dystonia of the fingers, hand, and/or forearm.

Voice icon laryngeal dystonia

Dystonia that affects the vocal cords.

lower limb foot icon

Dystonia of the leg, foot, and/or toes.

Task specific focal dystonia.

myoclonus dystonia icon

An inherited dystonia disorder that includes prominent myoclonus symptoms.

Dystonia can occur as
a symptom of multiple disorders.

oromandibular dystonia

Symptoms include forceful contractions of the face, jaw, and/or tongue.

paroxysmal dystonia

Episodic movement disorders in which abnormal movements occur only during attacks.

Dystonia can occur in children of all ages.

rapid onset dystonia parkinsonism

An inherited  dystonia that includes symptoms of parkinsonism.

Several rare toxins are known to cause movement disorders.

head icon trauma-induced

Dystonia may follow trauma to the head and/or to a specific body area.

x-linked dystonia parkinsonism

An inherited dystonia disorder that includes symptoms of parkinsonism.