Types of Dystonia

Dystonia is a Movement Disorder

There are many types of dystonia. Some types of  dystonia can be referred to in more than one way.

And, many diseases and conditions can include dystonia as a symptom.

The list below is in alphabetical order. Click on the button to learn more about each type.

BLEPHAROSPASM

Dystonia that affects the muscles of the eyelids and brow.

CERVICAL DYSTONIA
(SPASMODIC TORTICOLLIS)

Dystonia that affects the neck and sometimes the shoulders.

DOPA-RESPONSIVE DYSTONIA

A group of movement disorders that respond to a medication called levodopa.

DRUG INDUCED
(TARDIVE DYSKINESIAS & DYSTONIA)

Specific drugs are capable of causing dystonia.

FUNCTIONAL (PSYCHOGENIC)
DYSTONIA

Dystonia that is secondary to a combination of neurological and psychiatric/psychological causes.

GENERALIZED DYSTONIA

Characterized by twisting  of the limbs and torso.

HAND DYSTONIA (WRITER'S CRAMP)

Dystonia of the fingers, hand, and/or forearm.

LOWER LIMB DYSTONIA

Dystonia of the leg, foot, and/or toes.

MUSICIAN'S DYSTONIA

Task specific focal dystonia.

MYOCLONUS-DYSTONIA

An inherited dystonia disorder that includes prominent myoclonus symptoms.

NEUROLOGICAL &
METABOLIC DISORDERS

Dystonia can occur as a symptom of multiple disorders.

OROMANDIBULAR DYSTONIA
(CRANIAL DYSTONIA)

Symptoms include forceful contractions of the face, jaw, and/or tongue.

PAROXYSMAL DYSKINESIAS

Episodic movement disorders in which abnormal movements occur only during attacks.

PEDIATRIC DYSTONIA

Dystonia can occur in children of all ages.

SPASMODIC DYSPHONIA
(LARYNGEAL DYSTONIA)

Dystonia that affects the vocal cords.

RAPID ONSET DYSTONIA-PARKINSONISM

An inherited  dystonia that includes symptoms of parkinsonism.

TOXINS

Several rare toxins are known to cause movement disorders.

TRAUMA INDUCED

Dystonia may follow trauma to the head and/or to a specific body area.

X-LINKED DYSTONIA-PARKINSONISM

An inherited dystonia disorder that includes symptoms of parkinsonism.

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